Neanderthals may have been the first to embrace the concept of home.
There is a growing collection of evidence that #Neanderthals were the first to embrace the concept of “home,” according to a report in #NewScientist . The new picture that is emerging of our closest #extinct relatives suggests that they were much more #civilized than what was previously thought.
Matt Pope, an #archaeologist at #University #College #London , told New Scientist: “We take for granted that early humans had a home, an address, but it wasn’t always with us. It’s something we evolved.” Pope suggests that the invention of home was a critical step for humans because it changed the way we thought and interacted with each other.
In #Europe , the transition into homes took place long before modern humans arrived from #Africa 45,000 years ago. The move into homes may have been a necessity not only to get out of the cold but also for safety.
Neanderthals learned how to control #fire about 500,000 years ago, which gave them the opportunity to move inside. At the site of #TorFaraj in southern J#ordan , which dates back 70,000 years, stones and wood had been piled up for windbreaks inside of the shelter. By 10,000 years later, there is evidence that windbreaks were being built out in the open using wood and animal bones.
A research team including María Gema Chacón from the Catalan Institute of #Human #Palaeoecology and Social #Evolution explored a rock shelter near #Barcelona called Abric Romaní to understand how Neanderthals organized their homes. The shelter was occupied on and off for at least 70,000 years, until about 40,000 years ago, by families of 10 to 20 people.
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