The first railway station to be constructed in Hyderabad was the Secunderabad station, which connected the line from Wadi near Gulbarga (then in the Hyd state, presently in Karnataka) on the Bombay-Madras line. It had been connected in the 1860s itself, but was opened for traffic on 8 Oct, 1874.
Called the Nizams Guaranteed Railway, it grew big over time with the Kachiguda and Namapally railway stations eventually coming up in the first half of the 20th century as major stops, during the time of the last 7th and last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan.
The background is in fact more interesting than the railway system in itself. In the 1860s, during the time of the 5th Nizam Afzal-ud-Daula, the monarch had great reservations about permitting such an innovation, not because of the costs, but more for its political and social consequences. He felt that the British (with whom the Nizams had an official alliance) influence would increase.
However, finally, the proposal was accepted on the strict understanding that if any of the Nizam’s family members, servants or dependents left without permission, then such “absconders” would be brought back. This assurance was given to the monarch by the then British resident (who was the person in-charge of overseeing the British administration) himself.
The 5th Nizam however did not live long enough to see the traffic running, as he died in 1869, leaving Mahbub Ali Pasha, his 3-year-old son and heir, to come under the care of Turab Ali Khan (Salar Jung-1), who was the then PM of the Hyd state. It was a regency until Pasha turned 18.
It is also said that the British were afraid whenever Mahbub Ali Pasha travelled by train, for he would stop the entire thing in its tracks if something intriguing caught his eye. The Secunderabad area was the cantonment set up after the Subsidiary Alliance treaty was signed between the Nizams and the British in 1798.
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