The Tulsa race massacre (also called the Tulsa race riot, the #GreenwoodMassacre , or the #BlackWallStreetMassacre ) of 1921 took place on May 31 and June 1, 1921, when #mobs of #white #residents #attacked #black residents and #businesses of the Greenwood #District in #Tulsa , #Oklahoma .
More than 800 people were admitted to hospitals and as many as 6,000 black residents were interned at large facilities, many for several days.The Oklahoma #Bureau of Vital #Statistics officially recorded 36 dead, but the #AmericanRedCross declined to provide an estimate. A 2001 state commission examination of events was able to confirm 39 dead, 26 black and 13 white, based on contemporary autopsy reports, death certificates and other records.The commission gave overall estimates from 75–100 to 150–300 dead.
The massacre began over #MemorialDay weekend after 19-year-old Dick Rowland, a black shoeshiner, was accused of assaulting Sarah Page, the 17-year-old white elevator operator of the nearby Drexel Building. He was taken into custody. A subsequent gathering of angry local whites outside the courthouse where Rowland was being held, and the spread of rumors he had been lynched, alarmed the local black population, some of whom arrived at the #courthouse armed. Shots were fired and twelve people were killed: ten white and two black.As #news of these deaths spread throughout the city, #mobviolence exploded.White #rioters rampaged through the black neighborhood that night and morning killing men and burning and looting stores and homes, and only around noon the next day Oklahoma #NationalGuard troops managed to get control of the situation by declaring martial law. About 10,000 black people were left #homeless , and #property damage amounted to more than $1.5 million in real estate and $750,000 in personal property (equivalent to $32.25 million in 2019). Many #survivors left Tulsa. Black and white residents who stayed in the city were silent for decades about the terror, violence, and losses of this event. The massacre was largely omitted from #local , #state , and #national histories. - 1 hour ago