Minds extend beyond brains in Time as well as space. We are connected to the past by memory and habit, and to the future by desires, plans and intentions. Are these memories and virtual futures contained materially within brains in the present, or are minds connected to the past and future by non-material links?
The conventional answer is that our memories and intentions must be inside brains in the present. Where else could they be? Past and future are both physically present ... Memories, goals, plans and intentions are physically present in brains.
The assumption that future goals are inside brains is equally questionable. They exist in a realm of possibility; they are virtual futures. Possibilities are not material ... As the philosopher Alfred North Whitehead suggested, minds and matter are related as processes in Time, rather than in space. The subject chooses among its potential futures, and the direction of mental causation runs from potential futures to the present. Neither the future nor the past is material, but both have effects in the present through memories, habits and choices.
According to the hypothesis of morphic resonance, similar processes occur at all levels of organization, including biological morphogenesis. As a carrot seed develops into a carrot plant, it is shaped by its morphogenetic fields, inherited from previous carrot plants by morphic resonance. These morphogenetic fields contain the attractors and chreodes that channel its development toward the form of a mature plant. Neither inherited habits nor future goals are material structures present in the plant; instead they are patterns of goal-directed activity. In a similar way neither memories nor purposes are contained in brains, although they influence brain activity.
Most of our mental activity is habitual and unconscious. Conscious mental activity is largely concerned with possible actions, including speaking. Our conscious minds inhabit the realm of possibility, and languages greatly expand the possibilities they can entertain. Think of hearing a story. (Continued @hunabku21 ) - 5 minutes ago